Our DNA Says A Lot. Why We Resort To Silence Or Violence

I believe that every single person has been involved in a conversation that has resulted in silence or violence at one point in time, although they may not be aware of it. To get to the source of the real issue when someone resorts to silence or violence first, we need to understand what that conversation might look like.

#1 Silence
“You’re acting funny. What’s wrong with you?”

“Nothing’s wrong. I’m fine.”

“Are you certain? It sure seems like something’s bothering you.”

“No, no. It’s just that… well, never mind. It’s nothing.”

#2 Violence
“You seem upset. Is something wrong?”

“I’ll tell you what’s wrong! Listen!”

“Whoa! There’s no need to get angry.”


When someone goes silent in a tough conversation (as in #1) they back down, cave in, and submit. These conversations almost always fail.

Other times, conversations fail because they go to violence. Someone gets hostile or defensive, and they explode in anger, often without realising it (as in #2).

After remaining silent over a period of time, people tend to move from silence to violence, and it’s not a gradual process. When people go to silence, their problem isn’t solved. When they fail to speak up, their concerns fester, turn ugly, and the person flips from silence to violence.

We wanted to learn more about how people made this sudden flip, so we decided to study this phenomenon in the prison system.

We went inside 23 prisons — each with about 1,000 inmates — to study the criminal records of each prisoner.

How many different crimes do you think the average inmate’s been convicted of?

It turns out, between six and seven. That’s a fair number of crimes.

Then we looked at the records of inmates convicted of murder, and how many different crimes do you think the average murderer’s been convicted of?

Just one — the murder. And almost all of them killed someone they knew — a spouse, a lover, a neighbour, or their boss.

Aside from their criminal record, we were interested in what made the murderers different from the average inmate population. Right from the start, we saw they were pretty different.

On one hand, we have inmates that are professional criminals. On the other hand, we have murderers who are rank amateurs. But they were different in a lot of other ways too.

If you met an average inmate on the street, you’d describe them as self-confident, assured, assertive, willing to ask you for things — like your purse. Whereas the murderers were described by their co-workers, neighbours, and family members as introverted, shy, depressed, bullied, etc.

These are people who go silent when they get in a crucial conversation. It doesn’t get solved, it festers, turns ugly, and they flip. They explode in anger and they kill someone.

A Vicious Cycle

One of the things we discovered is that this doesn’t get better behind bars. In prison, the same pattern happens. The murderers are far more likely to be bullied than the average inmates — to have people steal their mail, magazines and other belongings. They often have the least preferred bunk in their cells and are more likely to have people steal food right off their plates.

How do they handle this in prison?

The same way they handled it before they committed the murder. They turn to silence. They hold in inside, it festers, turns ugly, and then they explode in rage at the prisoners around them.

See how this pattern works?

They go to silence, the problem gets worse, so they explode in anger, get beat up, and the next time they have a grievance, they go right back to silence. They get trapped in this cycle.

Now, of course we’re not suggesting that everyone who stays silent in a crucial conversation is on the verge of murder. Many of us fall into the same pattern of silence and violence, but here’s the catch: it’s not our fault.

It’s a design flaw.

You see we’ve always been wired genetically to deal with confrontation in one of two ways, fight or flight. It’s a part of who we are, it’s how we survive, throughout history human confrontation has resulted in violence or avoiding violence. Now we’re able to recognise it in our conversations.

It’s not our fault that tense conversations inspire tense reactions. It’s literally in our DNA, but just because something’s “natural” doesn’t mean it’s “healthy”. Just ask those prisoners guilty of murder.

One thing is for certain: there will always be high-pressure situations that require us to have tough conversations. There’s nothing we can do to change that.

What we can control is how we prepare ourselves for those moments so we rise above our nature and achieve a healthy outcome, which is exactly why VitalSmarts exists.

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